gas fired power plant steam boiler gas fired power
To complete the "clean winter heating pilot cities in northern areas," the goals and tasks, Jinan Municipal People's Government issued the "Jinan City" pilot cities for winter heating cleaning northern "three-year implementation plan (2017-2020 years)." "Program" is mentioned, three-year pilot period 59 key projects a total investment of 27.3 billion yuan, 2.1 billion yuan from the central government funds, municipal funds 5.8 billion yuan financial support to attract social capital of 19.4 billion yuan. Six technical work in accordance with the deployment path, focusing on elimination of coal-fired boilers, clean the deep geothermal heating, urban and rural construction and other clean energy alternative to lead technical projects, improve the maintenance of post-operation, promote clean winter heating work in an orderly manner.
Focus on the implementation of urban and rural clean energy alternatives. In the vast rural areas and central heating uncovered areas, in accordance with the enterprise-based, government promotion, residents affordable policy, local conditions, the use of alternative energy classification implementation. Urban and rural clean energy alternative to task a total of 48 projects, plans a total investment of 6.272 billion yuan (excluding clean coal-burning alternative to low-quality coal project), in which the central budget funds 820 million yuan, local financial and social capital invested 5.452 billion yuan. Coal to electricity which involves 19 projects, the use of alternative energy, Valley Electric energy storage, energy management contract, support clean green electricity for heating, with a total investment of 650 million yuan, of which the use of the central budget funds 250 million yuan; shed no change change clean heating, involving 95 000, in which the central government 200 million yuan.
Gas boiler which has few parts of the main gas boiler: the enclosed pipe chimney pipe tube sheet base gas outlet steam dryer Confining the majority of the peripheral tubes to form a complete gas boiler. The main effect of gas boiler: the combustion of the fuel is heated by the feedwater temperature and the exothermic heat of the flue gas with a heated surface, so that a final water into superheated steam having a quality of qualified certain parameters. The water in the boiler to go through preheating, evaporation, overheating in three stages in order to become superheated steam. In fact, in order to improve the efficiency of the steam power cycle, there is a fourth stage, i.e. re-superheating stage, soon after the high pressure turbine expansion work to reduce the pressure and temperature of the steam back to the boiler is heated and then sent to the low pressure turbine cylinder continues to work. In order to meet these four phases change, the boiler must be arranged in the respective heating surface, i.e. the economizer, water wall, superheater and reheater. Superheater and reheater disposed in an upper horizontal flue backpass and functions of the fuel system is to ensure the desired fuel burner. The fuel oil burner system are: tubing and fittings, pumps, solenoid valves, nozzles, heavy oil preheater. The gas burner mainly a filter, pressure regulator, solenoid valve, and then firing solenoid valve, the fuel valve. Economizer disposed in the lower back pass. In order to utilize flue gas heat of heated air required for combustion, usually air preheater arranged after the economizer. Some additional preheating large boiler superheater heating surface or in the furnace, and then heat-receiving surface.
Technical characteristics: the overall cost of natural gas boiler is half the coal-fired boilers, and operation costs are four times as coal, a ton of steam needs to burn about 80 cubic meters of natural gas, and coal-fired no more than 0.185 kg, the economic accounts will be considered . Select the gas boiler it under certain conditions choice of last resort. As well as on the performance of the gas is better than coal. In principle, they are heat transfer equipment, the difference is that on combustion, complex grate or coal, coal preparation, etc. as well as coal needs, while gas only burner that simple. Use of cleaning gas boiler: boiler after a long run, the inevitable emergence of scale, mainly due to the scale of the problem of corrosion, formation of boiler feed water with hardness components, through subsequent high temperature and pressure continuously concentrated by evaporation in a furnace a series of physical and chemical reactions that ultimately form a hard heating surface, a dense scale, resulting in reduced heat transfer and the effect of corrosion under the scale factors, will result in reduced boiler waterwall furnace heat absorption, furnace outlet temperature of the boiler is increased, so that increased boiler losses. After scaling while reducing the heat transfer within the water wall, water wall tube wall temperature may lead to increased water wall lead to burst pipes, affect the safe operation of the boiler. The first of scale is detrimental boiler, the boiler is the main cause of accidents, the danger main problems: wasting a lot of fuel: Because only one of very few steel thermal conductivity of scale, so when the heating surface fouling will heat blocked, in order to maintain a certain boiler output, it is necessary to increase the temperature of the side of the fire, so that the external radiation and flue gas heat loss. Now it can be used efficient and environmentally non-corrosive cleaning agent gas boiler cleaning, cleaning Fu World Tektronix cleaning agent scale was completely dissolved, the equipment expose the metal tube primary colors, because the reduction of algae and biological sludge fouling effect. At the same time stripping the role of iron oxide and iron oxide Asia, extended gas boiler service life, reduce energy consumption and improve productivity.
You know how the boiler works? Boiler parameters is a main boiler performance indicators, including the boiler capacity, steam pressure, steam temperature, water temperature and the like. Boiler capacity available rated maximum continuous evaporation or evaporation is represented. Rated evaporation under a predetermined outlet pressure, temperature and efficiency, the amount of steam per unit time of continuous production. Maximum continuous evaporation under a predetermined outlet pressure, temperature, per unit time the maximum continuous amount of steam produced. Steam pressure and temperature parameters including fired power plant steam boiler fired power, generally refers to a superheater, superheated steam pressure and temperature at the outlet of the reheater and superheater if no reheater, saturated steam pressure and temperature at the outlet of the boiler refers. Refers to a water temperature of the economizer inlet temperature, inlet temperature refers drum without economizer. Boilers can be categorized in different ways. Boiler use can be divided industrial boilers, utility boilers, marine boilers and boiler locomotive; by the boiler outlet pressure can be divided into low, medium, high pressure, high pressure, sub-critical pressure, the supercritical pressure boiler; boiler and by water flue gas flow path can be divided into the fire tube boilers, fire tube boilers and water-tube boilers, fire tube boilers and wherein the fire tube boiler and collectively shell boiler; press cycle can be divided into natural circulation boiler, auxiliary boiler cycle (i.e., forced-circulation boilers), and the combined circulation boiler once-through boiler; by combustion, the boiler chamber into the burner, and boiling Stoker furnace. Water vapor system, feedwater heated to a temperature in the heater, the water supply pipe into the economizer, after further heating into the drum, along with the mixing pot of water down to the water wall downcomer inlet header. Radiative heat absorbing soda water formed by the mixture in the riser in the drum reaches the waterwall tubes, the water from the steam separator means, steam separation. The separated saturated steam from the superheater to the upper stream drum, continue to become superheated steam endothermic certain temperature (most of the current 300MW, 600MW unit main steam temperature is about 540 ℃), and then sent to the turbine. In terms of combustion and flue gas system, the air blower into the air preheater is heated to a certain temperature. It is ground to certain fineness in the mill coal, a portion of the hot air from the air preheater carried into the furnace through a burner. Discharging pulverized coal burner and combustion air mixture is mixed with the rest of the hot air in the furnace and release large amount of heat. The hot flue gas flowing through the furnace sequence after combustion, Slag bundle, the superheater, economizer and air preheater, and then through the dust removal device, wherein the fly ash is removed, and finally sent to the chimney by the induced draft fan to the atmosphere.