heavy oil fired steam boiler hotel
Fuel gas-fired boiler fuel gas-fired boiler product presentation is different from coal-fired boilers, which requires the use of a burner fuel is injected into the boiler furnace using a combustion chamber without the use of fire grate facilities. Because not produce fuel ash after burning fuel gas-fired boiler, fuel gas-fired boiler so without slagging facilities. Oil injected into the furnace, if the gas and air mixture within a certain range, or turned off, it is easy to explode. Therefore, fuel gas-fired boiler combustion required to adopt automation and control systems. Fuel gas boiler compact, small boiler and ventilation, water supply, control and auxiliary equipment are arranged on a distribution box, it may also be assembled and medium-sized factory. Fuel gas-fired boiler safety valve installation points introduce fuel gas-fired boiler safety valve needs to be installed in the correct installation steps, in order to avoid mistakes, resulting in what needs to pay attention to danger, fuel gas-fired boiler safety valve installed it? Here, I introduce: 1 fuel gas boiler safety valve should prevent the lever means and movement of the self-weight limit leverage deviant guide tube, a spring safety valve should lift and handle means for preventing movement of the adjustment screw is screwed lightly . 2. Rated to 0.5t h evaporation boiler fuel gas /, at least two safety valves installed; Rated evaporation 0.5t h or less fuel gas boiler /, mounted on at least a safety valve. The separable exit of the economizer, steam superheater outlet of the safety valve must be installed. 3. Fuel gas-fired boiler safety valve to the boiler tubes, cross-sectional area should not be less than the import safety valve cross-sectional area. If several valves installed together with a short tube directly connected to the drum, short tube passage area not less than 1.25 times the area of all the exhaust valve. 4. Fuel gas boiler safety valve should be installed vertically in the boiler drum, header high position. Between the valve and the drum or header, not equipped with access to the steam outlet pipe and the valve. 5. For rated steam pressure less than or equal to 3.82MPa boiler safety valve throat diameter of not less than 25mm; the rated steam pressure is greater than 3.82MPa boiler safety valve throat diameter of not less than 20mm. 6. Fuel gas-fired boiler safety valve should normally be installed exhaust pipe, exhaust pipe should be through a safe place, and there is sufficient cross-sectional area to ensure the smooth flow of exhaust. Safety valve exhaust pipe at the bottom should be fitted to the safe location of drainage pipe, the exhaust pipe and drainage pipe not allow the installation of the valve.
Method for safe operation of fired steam boiler hotels steam boiler before use, must be checked for damage of the insulating layer, to check the burner is operating correctly, and to check the position of the opening degree of the valve to ensure it is correct. Electric heating boiler and the boiler is mainly composed of electric control box and control system. Its characteristics are environmentally friendly, clean, no pollution, no noise, automatic, with limited energy and reduce prices significantly, as a new boiler electric heating boiler equipment increasingly being recognized. Electric heating the core member is electrically heated boiler, directly determines the life of the boiler, to select a non-metallic electrical heating tube (such as a ceramic heating pipe), because it is resistant to the load, a long life, and a water separation structure, the boiler Wing no leakage. There are heating and hot water boiler bath for two purposes. Hot water boiler by circulating hot water circulation pump hot water holding tank, the tank hot water heating cycle can be achieved bath object; hot water boiler by circulating hot water circulation pump heating conduit, through the heat sink (radiator) people can achieve heating requirements; hot water boiler and hot water circulating pump with heat exchanger can be achieved bathing and heating dual function. Must be checked for automatic control instruments and equipment safety equipment accessories, equipment, in order to comply with the requirements. Check item prior to ignition of the steam boiler: open valve before oil circulation pump, oil heating valve is opened, adjusted reasonably high level of the tank, the gas pressure is determined before the natural gas burner ignition must be within the range, the power good . Steam boiler furnaces operating point of the device first starts the circulation pump, the circulation pump outlet pressure, the furnace, the furnace pressure, and the system should ensure the return pressure in the normal range. Circulation pump run for 30 minutes before entering the next step, the system is stable. Open the gas tube steam boiler manual valve, button start-up burner, natural gas burner into the furnace, and then the ignition, the flame remains stable, i.e. is in a safe operating condition. In the firing process steam boiler, once the accident shut down the phenomenon occurs, the device automatically interlock the burner will be protected, should be promptly cut off the natural gas pipeline, furnace cleaning function should be started. Replace the rest of the gas stove, and stop cleaning. The system load requirements, temperature requirements and thermal oil outlet, the burner can automatically adjust the size of the fire source.
Check the work before the start fuel gas-fired boiler in order to protect the safe operation of the gas boiler, improve operational efficiency boiler, make sure to check the work before the boiler starts, every detail can not be ignored. 1, check the safety accessories, thermal instrumentation, electrical instrument should be intact; 2, check the connections, whether the water leakage and the furnace body line; 3, check the waste line, the water line, return line should be smooth; 4 , should check the line voltage is 380V, the fluctuation should be within ± 5%; 5, oil-fired boiler and a filter pump check whether normal oil, gas boiler check the gas pressure is normal, not too high or too low, the oil supply opening valves; 6, check whether the pump Sheung Shui, or opening the purge valve, until the Sheung Shui so far. Water Supply System opens each valve (including the water pump and water valve before and after the boiler); 7, check level gauge, the water level should be in the normal position, to prevent false water level, if the water can be manually Sheung; 8, check the pressure conduit the valve must be opened, the wind deflector must all flue opening; 9, each knob inspection control cabinet are in their normal position; 10, a check valve should be fired steam boiler hotel in a closed state, the hot water boiler circulating pump valves should be closed state; 11, check water softening equipment is operating correctly, create a variety of indicators of soft water meets national standards. Carefully do the above inspection, the basic conditions for the fuel gas boiler safe and economic operation.
At 10:00 on September 6 and more, Harbin, a business is the purchase of a new boiler equipment installation, commissioning process when staff at a boiler pressure gauge index found that the performance of the boiler abnormal, but not so the commissioning personnel when the next step, a sudden loud noise, boiler explosion, a huge flame and furnace pressure debugging of oil spray everywhere, four commissioning personnel are subject to varying degrees of injuries, was taken to hospital for treatment .
Boiler is an energy conversion device, by entering the fuel to the boiler, chemical energy, power, etc., outputs a constant steam heat, hot water or organic heat carrier, to provide support for the heat industries. Meanwhile, the boiler is also a special equipment has a certain risk, when the boiler installation, commissioning, operation, etc., be sure to boiler operation safety first.
Now, Xiao Bian to operational safety considerations gas boiler summarize, we can refer to.
First, start, boost, steam supply
1, before the start of the preparatory work
Internal and external check: Check boiler, burner, a good state of the accessory device; action safety accessories, each of the valves, such as flexible instruments, the correct position.
Check the line voltage to meet the requirements, a variety of normal switch position, respectively, various auxiliary pump starts operating, the burner fan, oil pump is normal.
Boiler Feed: exhaust valve opening, to ensure the normal water level (just below the water level).
Firstly purging the furnace, induced draft fan suction time is usually about 10 minutes to ensure that no residual gas in the furnace, passing substitutions, and ignition for combustion air supply.
After firing is completed according to the adjustment amount of load required for combustion, the boiler into normal operation.
During startup, to closely monitor changes in water level, water boiler accident or occurrence textile full of water accidents.
Second, the normal operation
1, the water level
Fuel gas-fired boiler water table should be the red line indicating the high, medium and low water level, the operation shall not exceed the maximum safe level or below the minimum safe level.
Rinse water table at least once per shift, when there is suspicion of running water, rinse should always check.
2, steam pressure
Red lines indicate the working pressure gauge should have, so sensitive and reliable, the trap should be flushed at least once a week.
3, safety valve
Safety valve should seal intact, no leakage; once a week manually (or automatically) emission test, and begin start pressure, opening pressure, reseating pressure and test time, participants, etc credited maintenance log book u, for future reference .
Proceed as boiler water quality requirements of water quality testing personnel under the guidance of class 1 or 2 times sewage, sewage incident not too long, generally no more than 10 minutes.
Sewage should (preferably when shutdown), should be closely monitored sewage water level changes, and pay attention to safety at the time of low load, low pressure, high water level.
Many boilers when sharing a sewage mains, while sewage is prohibited.
1, the normal shutdown
After normal boiler shutdown should generally be reduced boiler load operation, press the boiler shutdown procedure. Actuated pump water to high water level, pressure steam boiler to be dropped after 0.3MPa flushing water table and sewerage operations, and finally close the raft, cut off the power supply control cabinet, wipe equipment, clean up the environment and health, For water, the water temperature should be below after 70 ℃, before proceeding.
2, emergency shutdown
When the boiler operation in the following situations should immediately shutdown:
Furnace water level drops below the minimum water level gauge visible edges.
Increasing water supply and other measures, but digital still continue to fall.
Boiler water level exceeds the highest visible water table level (full of water), the water still can not see the water level.
All water supply system water pump failure or malfunction, not water to the boiler.
Water gauge or safety valve all the failures.
Endanger the boiler element is damaged and the safety of operating personnel.
Combustion equipment damage, or furnace wall collapse and other red-hot boiler structure is a serious threat to the safe operation of the boiler.
Other anomalies endanger the safe operation of the boiler.
Before maintenance work should be well prepared, as before entering the drum interior work, must be of sufficient strength to connect all of the metal blocking plate spaced reliable steam, water, sewage and other operation of the boiler pipes, and the drum manholes and hand holes (boiler shell) is opened, so that air convection period.
After the completion of preparations to repair. Should ensure that the quarterly frequency of boiler maintenance and repair of the year.
Advances in technology to the boiler industry into new and innovative ideas, now the boiler manufacturers boiler are easy targets toward the operation forward, but in the use of the boiler, improper operation or other quality problems still exist, these failures will It is causing the direct cause of the explosion boilers. Therefore, when using the boiler must be in strict accordance with safety practices boiler, security incidents strangled in the cradle.