industrial coal fired steam boiler for textile industry
What is the principle of the boiler? No matter how much the tonnage, the boiler works basically the same. Role of the boiler fuel chemical energy is converted into thermal energy, heating and heat inside the pot with water to become superheated steam having a mass and a sufficient amount (steam temperature, steam pressure) of the steam turbine for use. Now the power plant boiler capacity, high parameters, technical complexity, high levels of mechanization and automation, the main fuel is coal, and coal prior to combustion of pulverized coal first made, and then into the boiler combustion heat release in the furnace. Broadly speaking, the work process is the main boiler fuel combustion, heat transfer, vaporization and heating of the water with the superheated steam and the like. The entire boiler boiler composed of two parts and auxiliary equipment. Boiler: boiler body is the main part of the boiler equipment, is composed of two parts, "pot" and "furnace" composition. "Pot" is the soda system which main task is to attract the heat receiving fuel discharged, the water is heated, evaporated and finally becomes superheated steam having certain parameters. It consists economizer, the drum, the downcomer, the header, water wall, superheater and reheater connecting pipes and other equipment and valves. 1) economizer. Vertically positioned rear of the boiler flue, the use of flue gas waste heat boiler feed water, reducing the exhaust gas temperature, increase boiler efficiency, fuel economy (2) drum. At the top of the boiler, it is a cylindrical pressure vessel, which is under water, the upper portion of the steam is that it accepts the economizer runoff, while the downcomer composed header, Wall water circulation circuit. Wall water absorbs heat generated in the soda mixture was collected in the drum, conveyed by the saturated steam to the superheater steam-water separator (3) downcomer. Water supply pipe water wall, the effect of which is introduced into the water in the steam drum to the lower header redistribution respective waterwall tubes. Dispersion in small diameter and the large diameter downcomers Downcomer two kinds. Small diameter tubular small diameter drops, the water cycle of negative (4) waterwall lower header. The main role of the header is a mass pooled or working fluid through the header to the header redistributed through other conduits. A water wall is thicker lower header tube closed at both ends, its role is connected to the downcomer and the water-cooled wall, so as to function together, mixing, redistribution effect working medium (5) water wall. At the furnace around its main task is to absorb radiant heat of the oven, to evaporate water, which is the main heating surface modern boilers, while protecting the furnace wall (6) superheater. Its role is to drum saturated steam into superheated steam on heating (7) having a predetermined temperature reheater. Its role is done in the steam turbine power section is heated up again, and then continue to work in the steam turbine. "Furnace" is the combustion system, its task is to make the fuel burn in a good furnace, heat. It consists of the furnace, the burner, ignition means, air preheater, the smoke duct and the furnace wall, frame and other components. (1) furnace. It is transferred from the furnace wall and into the water wall for fuel combustion, the fuel combustion in suspension, the release of large amounts of heat within the space. (2) burners. Located on the furnace walls or corners, its role is the fuel and air injected into the furnace at a constant speed, so that it can be well mixed in a furnace in order to ensure timely ignition and rapid and complete fuel combustion. DC sub-burner and swirl burner two basic types. (3) air preheater. Located in the boiler backpass, whose role is to use waste heat of flue gas to heat the fuel required for the combustion air, exhaust gas temperature can be further reduced not only, but also for strengthening the furnace combustion, improve the economy of combustion, pulverized coal drying and conveying is advantageous of. Boiler efficiency can be increased by 2%. And rotary two kinds of charge. (4) smoke duct. From the furnace wall is a pipe, the pipe heating surface and the portion of the tube wall and other components of the package, for guiding the flow of flue gas through the heat exchanger and the respective heating surface, and is divided into horizontal flue backpass. Auxiliary ventilation apparatus comprises auxiliary equipment (delivery, induced draft fan), a fuel transportation equipment, milling system, in addition to ash and dust removal equipment, desulfurization equipment.
Problematic fired boiler (1) Henan small boiler gas boiler should be noted, by the Henan coal into gas boiler, i.e. the original becomes a negative pressure is now slightly positive pressure combustion burner, the furnace must be noted that the structure and the sealing wall problem; (2) prevent explosion of the furnace, a gas fired boiler furnace to Henan, when defective or incomplete combustion of fuel atomization gas in the furnace or heating surface of the end aggregate, fire or explosion occurs, and therefore, in appropriate sites shall boiler explosion vent means, while the control program should be added to the ignition and flame protection device of automatic control, to ensure safe operation of the boiler; (3) the selection and arrangement of the burner close to the furnace in the form of, should the flame in the furnace better fullness without forming dead air; adjacent flame of the burner to avoid mutual interference; low load flame holding in the furnace central position, offset from the center of the furnace to avoid the flame center of symmetry; unburned gas-air mixture is not in contact with the heated surface , to avoid the formation of incomplete combustion gases; hot flame to avoid high-speed heating surface erosion, in order to avoid excessive heating surface so that the wall strength of overheating. Burner arrangement also consider the gas pipe and duct arrangement, easy to operate, inspection and maintenance; (4) Mechanized layered coal-fired boiler, gas boiler to change Henan, first removing its longitudinal arch, taking into account the increase in the bottom heating surface to replace the grate, grate to prevent overheating burn; (5) gas velocity Henan convection heating surface is not limited by the gas boiler ash abrasion conditions, gas velocity can be increased properly, so the convection heat transfer heating surface coefficient increases, without increasing the heating surface of the boiler, can increase the pressure of the boiler, steam-water separation capability should be noted that at this time means the pot to ensure the quality of steam, hot air for the boiler had particularly important.
Recently, Jinan City, Shandong Province People's Government issued and implemented the "2018 Beijing and Tianjin and the surrounding regions - 2019 autumn and winter tackling air pollution comprehensive management action plan" to inform the implementation of the program, requires the consolidation of ambient air quality improvement achievements, promote air quality continues to improve. On October 1, 2018 to March 31, March 2019, and all the city county fine particulate matter (of PM2.5) mean concentrations fell more than 2%, severe pollution and over several days up declining.
"Implementation plan" will be based on four construction industry, energy, transport and land use optimization adjustments to promote clean heating, public transferrin, enterprises mentioned standard upgrade, dust remediation, focusing on the consolidation of "scattered pollution" enterprise comprehensive rectification results, ruthless grasping diesel trucks, industrial furnaces and rectification of volatile organic compounds, heavy pollution to the implementation of the weather in autumn and winter peak load shifting production to strengthen joint prevention and control among regions, strengthen law enforcement supervision.
1, continued implementation of the total coal consumption control, strict implementation of national, provincial coal consumption reduction of about alternative work arrangements, and the development of alternatives seriously implement the Jinan City, the work reduction of coal consumption, coal consumption control tasks break down into individual counties, total coal consumption to achieve a steady decline. 2018, the city's total coal consumption control in less than 17.14 million tons.
2, effectively promote clean heating to the town (street) or the county as a unit as a whole. As of 2020, the city's pre-season heating living and improve the basic motivation for heating coal for alternative tasks, to develop a three-year implementation program to determine the annual task of governance. Taking into account the agricultural greenhouses, animal building bulk coal governance and to proceed with energy-saving buildings to improve energy efficiency. The county should proceed from reality, according to local conditions, reasonably determine the transformation of technical route, should the electric power, gas should the gas, the coal should be coal, should be hot is hot, and actively promote the use of solar thermal and centralized biomass utilization; adhere to highlight focus, give priority to urban life and motivation for heating gas demand, priority to promoting the urban bulk coal cleared. Gas will adhere to the reform, to change the electric set, on the basis of priority to the protection of residents in 2017 has started "coal to gas," "coal to electricity" project on gas electricity, gas and new year according to the actual supply and heating period the ability to reasonably determine the residents' coal to gas, "" coal to electricity "households; insist on legislation after the break, substitution of gas for coal to electricity instead of coal and other alternatives, in the implementation of air power is not the case, the original heating facilities will not be removed. In accordance with national, provincial requirements, to complete the clean winter heating construction tasks 33000.
3, complete replacement of the bulk coal areas to be designated as high-pollution fuel combustion zone ban in accordance with the provisions, shall not be burning coal for use again. Severely crack down on sales of low quality coal combustion, to ensure the quality of coal used in line with national and local coal quality standards.
What is its auxiliary boiler feedwater oxygen has several categories? Boiler, I believe we are not unfamiliar with and understand it, if you have been concerned about the site and read the relevant article and master the relevant knowledge and content words, so below, it may be in front of the existing foundation, to continue the products of study and work, so that we can make progress in their learning and development road, and at the same time, you can also reach the intended target as quickly as possible. 1. ship boilers and boiler land, they are the same? Can GM? Marine boiler, which is used to generate steam, or fuel for heating domestic water, and may also be in the kitchen in the ship. However, it is compared with a land boiler, there is a big difference, such as shape and size. So, they are not identical, nor is it universal. 2. auxiliary boilers, there are a few main categories? Auxiliary boilers, which can be divided into six categories, the specific terms, it is the coal slag or counseling classes, containers, water treatment class, class fans, smoke and dust classes and appliances category. Wherein an expansion device containers, and other such sub-cylinder, the fan type blower and is mainly induced draft fan. The appliances, mainly for electric and control these two aspects.