tharmax oil and gas side boiler struchear
"Coal to gas" birth tharmax oil and side boiler struchear gas demand "from coal to gas" is one of the primary means to reduce air pollutant emissions. China's industrial coal-fired boilers, mostly without washing of coal, higher emission levels, the contribution of urban air pollution by up to 45% -65%. "Coal gas" will be replaced by coal-fired boiler, gas-fired, can significantly reduce emissions. In 2012, a number of ministries such as Ministry of Environmental Protection issued a document repeatedly requested the transformation of emissions large boiler products, such as "air pollution control in key areas" Twelfth Five-Year Plan "key projects" in the requirements, completed 2015 2841 clean energy transformation station over coal-fired boilers, which made it clear 465 coal-fired boilers replaced by a natural gas boiler. Since 2012, Beijing, Shanghai, Shijiazhuang, Lanzhou, and other places have been put forward more detailed policy requiring replace coal-fired boilers to natural gas boilers. Research shows that "coal to gas," the economy is weak, the policy is the main driving force. Due to higher gas prices, "to burn" after higher operating costs, such as coal-fired boiler and a full set of environmental protection equipment total annual cost of 661,900 yuan / (t / h), "coal to gas," the total cost of the annual 844,300 yuan / (t / h). Although a single coal-fired boilers to burn the economy is not strong, but mostly coal-fired boilers into a large gas-fired boiler feasible. Policy is the main driving force to promote the "coal to gas." It is understood that the gas boiler is facing 80 billion market demand, industrial boilers for the heavy head. According to "energy development" five "plan", "Boiler Air Pollutants Emission Standards", estimates derived gas boiler market space "Twelfth Five-Year" period about 800 million yuan, of which the industrial gas boilers for the heavy head, the market is 60 billion yuan; large gas power plant waste heat boiler to invest 150-180 billion yuan, natural gas distributed generation waste heat boiler to invest 50-60 billion yuan. According to "Natural gas development," second five "plan", 2015, China's natural gas supply of about 269.5 billion cubic meters. The demand side, China's gas power plant in 2015, distributed projects, industrial boilers totaling nearly 100 billion cubic meters of natural gas. By then sufficient air supply without worrying about gas shortage.
Comparison of coal-fired steam tharmax oil and side boiler struchear and gas steam boiler? Which is more cost-effective? There will be new users are asked coal-fired steam boiler and gas steam boiler which is more cost-effective in a number of economic operation? Believed to be ready to buy a steam boiler of every business relationship or personally, with you today, I will work together to analyze these two boilers in operating costs to do a comparison. First, the first point to analyze procurement costs: Because gas steam boiler in the annex above techniques and configurations to be clear lead and coal-fired steam boiler, gas steam boiler supporting a dedicated burner, put the cost of just one burner price opened, so that the same tonnage of steam boilers, steam boilers high gas prices than coal-fired steam boilers and more. The second point to analyze construction costs: The costs mainly from the boiler room, boiler tubes of steam investment funds. Where the coal-fired steam boiler because more appropriate auxiliary equipment, so in the boiler room construction funds to be more. There is a gas steam boiler automatic control operation, and automatic alarm and automatic protection function. Connected to the gas pipeline, the burner will automatically supply costs can effectively save staff. Coal-fired steam boiler because of the need of coal on the program, so in terms of personnel expenses wage will be larger. The third point to analyze the environmental cost: major review means that the coal-fired steam boilers now more stringent. The gas steam boiler due to the operation of the economy, environmental protection and energy saving, as well as government policy to encourage more and more widely used. The fourth point to analyze the cost of fuel: coal-fired steam boiler will be much higher than the steam boilers in gas fuels. After analyzing the above four points of view on coal in order to save operating costs more than gas steam boiler steam boiler, but coal-fired steam boiler steam boiler environmentally friendly than gas in environmental protection, environmental pollution is now increasing in recent years, so the state to environmental pollution control is relatively strict, so in accordance with the requirements of environmental protection point of view has an advantage gas steam boiler.
Recently, market supervision bureau issued the Notice on Strengthening the National Energy Board within the scope of the power station tharmax oil and side boiler struchear piping material quality safety risk prevention and control (the "Notice"), to further enhance the quality and safety supervision and management of boiler tubes, effectively preventing security risks, protect the power production safety , as follows.
First, carry out the verification of boiler tubes
The electricity business, special equipment manufacturers to immediately organize boiler tube inspections, to verify whether the focus of the pipe to meet the technical conditions stipulated orders, including the source, size, quantity, quality certificates, raw material procurement contracts, procurement contracts and other piping components. For imported pipe material, but also the verification of the customs declaration, commodity inspection report (proof of entry inspection and quarantine of goods), combined with the production, inspection and testing during use and operation of the situation, in-depth investigation pipe quality boiler safety issues and risks.
Second, effectively prevent security risks
Boiler pipe quality and safety hazards or other problems threatening the security and stability of power station boilers, power companies, special equipment manufacturers to take practical measures immediately, the complete elimination of quality and safety problems; there are significant quality and safety problems, it should stop running generator sets , boiler or stop production and sales of the pipe elements, and replace the boiler pipe complying with relevant standards.
The actual boiler pipe manufacturing unit is unknown or if there are doubts, the relevant information or data can not be traced authenticity, power enterprises, special equipment manufacturers to immediately in accordance with industry standards, inspection and testing institutions have entrusted the appropriate qualifications for boiler tubes were identified test. Test results show that failed boiler or pipe quality does not meet the technical requirements stipulated in the order, power companies, special equipment manufacturers to eliminate hidden dangers in a timely manner or be replaced.
Third, strengthen the source of control boiler pipe
Special equipment manufacturing enterprises, power enterprises should strengthen boiler pipe source control, in strict accordance with the standard provisions of China's relevant laws and regulations and orders technical conditions agreed to carry out boiler pipe design and manufacturing, procurement orders, admission acceptance, inspection and testing, installation and commissioning work, resolutely eliminate substandard or counterfeit boiler pipes enter the field of electricity production; to strictly implement the special equipment safety supervision and management regulations, establish and improve the technical archives and long-term care, to ensure that relevant information can be traced back.
Special equipment manufacturing enterprises, power companies are finding there are significant quality and safety risks of boiler tubes, to report to the local market regulators, power management departments and the National Energy Board sent energy regulators, and to take effective measures to thoroughly rectification to ensure the safe operation of generators . Provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps Market Authority (Hall Commission) should work together with the same level of power management departments, the National Energy Bureau sent energy regulatory agencies and other units, the organization of supervision and inspection, supervision and hidden rectification, effectively preventing security risks.
Coal to natural gas operations bunch of factors that vertical pressure steam tharmax oil and side boiler struchear energy consumption indicators of the country are carried out in a big way, the choice of vertical steam boiler, to a large extent minus the pollution of powder, together with nitrogen oxides and other dangerous gases the press has been discharged. Energy consumption indicators is an important rule to measure vertical steam boiler, to discuss the next bunch of factors under pressure vertical steam boiler energy consumption indicators. By analyzing the relevant departments, vertical steam boiler heat loss occurs mainly includes two aspects: the proportion of non-standard sufficient combustion air with exhaust heat loss. Weaken the heat loss can be retrofitted in the vertical steam boiler chimney terminal latent heat of re-use form, or in the selection of better boiler system FGR. Combustion air ratio is not sufficiently decomposed inappropriate criteria: ordinary vertical ejector-type steam boiler burner based, air-fuel ratio can not be formed in the active mobilization. More vertical steam boiler based on a mechanical blower burner, air-fuel ratio due to the following standards several factors: air-fuel ratio standard comprises two situations: when oxygen is excessive, the excess will be an infinite cryogenic air by heat conduction, caused by rising energy vertical steam boilers, low energy consumption vertical steam boiler index; when there is insufficient oxygen, there will not be sufficient to ignite the situation, leading to low energy consumption indicators vertical steam boiler.